The Avalere analysis found that MA plan performance is improving overall, as plans appear to be investing more in quality in anticipation of the payment reductions due at the end of the star ratings demonstration in 2015. The Affordable Care Act (ACA) linked plan payments to quality beginning in 2012 by awarding plans with ratings of 4 stars or higher bonus payments. However, CMS began a demonstration, which expanded the use of quality bonus payments to plans with 3 to 3.5 stars until 2015.
“This is good news for Medicare beneficiaries who have more high-quality plans to choose from and overall greater access to those options,” said Matthew Eyles, executive vice president at Avalere. “MA plans have responded to the strong incentives in the ACA to improve quality and made investments that look to be paying off.”
The analysis also shows that 133 counties in 2014 will have at least one 5-star plan available, a decrease from the 252 counties that had 5-star plans available in 2013. However, the total number of counties with at least one plan with a rating of 4 stars or greater will increase from 2013 to 2014 by 51 percent.
In 2013, 13 states and Washington D.C. had a 5-star plan available. While 12 states and Washington D.C. have a 5-star plan in 2014, the states with these options have changed. Illinois, Massachusetts, Minnesota, and Ohio all lost 5-star plans in 2014, while Florida, Georgia, and Texas gained. California, Colorado, Hawaii, Iowa, Maryland, Oregon, Virginia, Washington, Washington D.C., and Wisconsin all retained 5-star plan options.