In total, managed care enrollment will increase from 67 percent of total Medicaid and CHIP enrollees in 2013 to 76 percent in 2016.
The findings come on the heels of the recent announcement by the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) that 8.7 million more people have enrolled in Medicaid as a result of the Affordable Care Act (ACA). The growth is attributable to states’ decisions to expand the program, as well as the indirect effects of people learning about and enrolling in programs for which they were previously eligible (sometimes called “the woodwork effect”).
“Medicaid managed care offers states the opportunity to deliver coordinated care to Medicaid beneficiaries at a defined cost,” said Caroline Pearson, vice president at Avalere Health. “As a result, the projected growth in Medicaid managed care enrollment is driven by not only expansions under the ACA, but also state decisions to expand managed care programs to all or most of their existing beneficiaries.”
In addition, Avalere found that enrollment in Medicaid managed care is particularly high in states that decided to expand Medicaid – both because these states relied on managed care more heavily before ACA expansion and because newly eligible beneficiaries are largely enrolling in managed care plans. Specifically, among states expanding Medicaid, the percentage of enrollees in managed care exceeds the national average – rising from 73 percent in 2013 to 79 percent in 2016 (10.2 million).
Of the 28 states and the District of Columbia committed to expansion, 16 states and D.C. plan to enroll over 90 percent of new eligibles into Medicaid managed care. “The vast majority of people who have insurance as a result of the Affordable Care Act are enrolled in private plans,” said Dan Mendelson, CEO of Avalere Health. “This is a major business opportunity for plans, and often also helps to promote continuity of care as low income people migrate between Medicaid and subsidized exchange coverage.”
Analysis based on Avalere’s proprietary Medicaid managed care enrollment model. All enrollment numbers exclude dual eligible beneficiaries. Managed care enrollment includes only private plans that are fully capitated for medical services. Avalere assumes the following states opt out of the ACA Medicaid expansion in 2014 and beyond: AK, AL, FL, GA, ID, KS, LA, ME, MS, MO, MT, NE, NC, OK, SC, SD, TN, TX, UT, VA, WI, and WY. For premium assistance, Avalere assumes AR enrolls all new Medicaid eligibles into the exchange through premium assistance and IA enrolls new eligibles above 100 percent FPL in premium assistance. Individuals projected to enroll in premium assistance are not counted as Medicaid lives for the purpose of the analysis.
For more information about Medicaid managed care, please contact Caroline Pearson at CPearson@Avalere.com.
Download a PDF of today's analysis attached.