Madison Davidson

Madison Davidson supports life science clients in market access, product commercialization, and reimbursement strategy.

She applies her federal health experience to help clients navigate the US health market and optimize product access and delivery.

Prior to joining Avalere, Maddi was a manager at The Lewin Group. She was the assistant project manager of the Oncology Care Model (OCM) evaluation and has extensive knowledge of OCM program rules, performance-based payment methodology, evaluation methods, and comparison group selection.

Maddi has an MPH in epidemiology from Drexel University and a BS in health science from the University of Florida.

Authored Content

An Avalere analysis found differences in the performance of low- and high-intensity prostate cancer episodes in the Oncology Care Model (OCM). High-intensity prostate cancer episode expenditures were consistently below the benchmark price while low-intensity episode expenditures were similar to the benchmark price. This finding is likely driven by the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) methodology used to calculate benchmark prices but may also indicate participant success in controlling costs for these episodes.

In 2020, the total number of emergency department (ED) visits for Medicare fee-for-service (FFS) beneficiaries declined, but patients presenting with non-emergency care sensitive conditions were more likely to be admitted than in 2019.

In the OCM, a total cost-of-care model, episode-level Part D expenditures include the amount the government pays for low income cost-sharing subsidy and reinsurance for beneficiaries who reach the catastrophic portion of the benefit once they have accumulated sufficient OOP costs. The latter leads to a seasonality effect in how Part D payments are captured in OCM episodes, which may have implications for how trends in OCM performance are assessed over time and how the OCM benchmark price is constructed.

An Avalere analysis found that Oncology Care Model (OCM) lung cancer episode expenditures increased over 20% from performance periods 2 to 6 while the benchmark price increased about 10% during this period. During this same period, The Center for Medicare & Medicaid Innovation (CMMI) included 20 lung-cancer-specific changes to the OCM Novel Therapy Adjustment (NTA) list. This dynamic supports the inclusion of tumor-specific adjustments in the future Oncology Care First (OCF) model to further account for advancements in cancer management.

An Avalere analysis found that the impact of removing low-risk/low-intensity episodes from the Oncology Care Model (OCM) reconciliation process would not have a notable impact for most practices. Among practices where performance would change, however, performance would improve for most practices if enrolled in 1-sided risk but worsen for most practices if enrolled in alternative 2-sided risk.

As the Oncology Care Model (OCM) approaches its conclusion, stakeholders are anxiously awaiting the details of the Center for Medicare & Medicaid Innovation's (CMMI’s) next oncology episodic payment model, Oncology Care First (OCF).

Avalere analysis finds that success in the first 4 performance periods of the Oncology Care Model (OCM) was correlated with reductions to inpatient expenditure and spend reductions within certain high-cost tumor types. Further, smaller community-based practices and those that had lower per-episode expenditure in the baseline period tended to be more successful.